harmonic and melodic minor scales piano pdf

Harmonic and melodic minor scales piano pdf

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Free major and minor scales for piano sheet music

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Lowered Scale Degrees in Minor Scales

Free major and minor scales for piano sheet music

There are not one but three Minor scales, all presented here with keyboard diagrams, notes and fingerings. The three groups of Minor scales are:. This scale can be confusing because it is in a way identical to the Major Scale. The A Minor Scale include exactly the same notes as the C Major Scale which makes them relative keys read more about this further down the page. See also arpeggios.

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Each major key uses a different set of notes its major scale. In each major scale, however, the notes are arranged in the same major scale pattern and build the same types of chords that have the same relationships with each other. See Beginning Harmonic Analysis for more on this. So music that is in, for example, C major, will not sound significantly different from music that is in, say, D major. But music that is in D minor will have a different quality, because the notes in the minor scale follow a different pattern and so have different relationships with each other.

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A minor scale in music theory is any scale that has at least three scale degrees : the tonic , the minor third above the tonic, and the perfect fifth above the tonic. Together they make the minor triad. This includes many scales and modes such as Dorian mode and the Phrygian mode.

However, there are in fact 3 minor scales which you will come across and can use:. The natural minor scale is the most basic form of the minor scale. It follows a set pattern of note intervals. The set pattern of intervals for the notes of the natural minor scale is:. It is the same pattern of notes when going up the scale as when going down the scale.

Lowered Scale Degrees in Minor Scales

When learning music theory and scales, the first one that most people learn about is a major scale but they are just one type of many different musical scales. Each scale uses a different formula of intervals and has a completely different sound and feel. Some sound happy, some sound mysterious and some sound sad or melancholy. Minor scales have a different formula of tones and semitones whole steps and half steps to major scales.

A minor scale's third note is always a half-step lower than the third note of the major scale. These three types of minor scales should be thought of like flavors of ice cream; ice cream is still ice cream regardless of whether it is chocolate, vanilla, strawberry, etc. Instead, these are useful categories primarily for instrumental performers—learning to play the different types of minor scales on instruments allows performers to become familiar with the minor patterns most commonly used in Western classical music. Minor scales are named for their first note, which is also their last note—just like major scales.

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