constituents of concrete and their functions pdf

Constituents of concrete and their functions pdf

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Concrete Components

Concrete Basics: Essential Ingredients For A Concrete Mixture


Contrary to popular belief, concrete and cement are not the same thing; cement is actually just a component of concrete. Concrete is made up of three basic components: water, aggregate rock, sand, or gravel and Portland cement. Cement, usually in powder form, acts as a binding agent when mixed with water and aggregates.

Concrete Components

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The properties of concrete vary depending on the ingredients used and their proportions in the mix. Cement paste cement mixed with water sets and hardens by hydration, both in air and under water. The main base materials, e. In Europe, cements are covered by the standard EN composition, specifications and conformity criteria. The standard divides the common cements into five main types, as follows:. Concrete aggregates, consisting of sand and gravel, represent the grain skeleton of the concrete. All cavities within this skeleton have to be filled with binder paste as much as possible.

Concrete Basics: Essential Ingredients For A Concrete Mixture

In this article Learn : cement concrete,cement concrete ingredients, selection of material,cement, fine aggregate,coarse aggregate,water,Batching of ingredients by weight and by volume mixing, placing of concrete. It is a composite material where in a paste of cement , made with water, on solidification binds firmly together the various particles of inert materials like sand and stone ballast. Cement concrete is an extremely versatile material of construction which is used for a variety of works ranging from small cottages to massive dams and bridges. Cement concrete is quite strong in compression but not so in tension. To make good this deficiency of concrete steel bars reinforcement are embedded in concrete.

Slideshare uses cookies to improve functionality and performance, and to provide you with relevant advertising. If you continue browsing the site, you agree to the use of cookies on this website. See our User Agreement and Privacy Policy. See our Privacy Policy and User Agreement for details. Published on Aug 5, This slide show gives you the details for your study in architecture regarding concrete, its ingredients and products.

Concrete is and has been for thousands of years, a very popular building material. Made up of just a few basic ingredients, concrete is the most widely used man-made material on the planet. Humans use more concrete than all other building materials combined. Not exactly. This is called the Rule—though proportions may vary depending on the type of cement and other factors. Cement serves as the glue that keeps everything else together. Types I and II are the most widely used residentially in the United States due to the relatively moderate climates we experience here.

the materials used in concrete and the essentials required to design and control same basic components of portland cement, soils/aggregates, and water. is a function of the water to cement ratio (w/c) where w represents the mass of water 1, PCA LS,, , 20 pages.


Concrete has been used as a building material for thousands of years. The main ingredients have been the same, but new admixture technologies allow designers and engineers to finely tune the final properties of the fully set concrete. Concrete is made up of four main ingredients: water, Portland cement, aggregates, and air.

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    Concrete is made up of two components, aggregates and paste. Aggregates In properly made concrete, the aggregate should consist of particles having adequate strength entrapped air is largely a function of aggregate characteristics.


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