anatomy and physiology of genitourinary system pdf

Anatomy and physiology of genitourinary system pdf

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Urinary System Anatomy and Physiology

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Renal system , in humans , organ system that includes the kidneys , where urine is produced, and the ureters , bladder , and urethra for the passage, storage, and voiding of urine. In many respects the human excretory, or urinary, system resembles those of other mammalian species, but it has its own unique structural and functional characteristics. The terms excretory and urinary emphasize the elimination function of the system. The kidneys, however, both secrete and actively retain within the body certain substances that are as critical to survival as those that are eliminated. The system contains two kidneys, which control the electrolyte composition of the blood and eliminate dissolved waste products and excess amounts of other substances from the blood; the latter substances are excreted in the urine, which passes from the kidneys to the bladder by way of two thin muscular tubes called the ureters. The bladder is a sac that holds the urine until it is eliminated through the urethra. The kidneys are bean-shaped, reddish brown paired organs, concave on one long side and convex on the opposite.

Renal system , in humans , organ system that includes the kidneys , where urine is produced, and the ureters , bladder , and urethra for the passage, storage, and voiding of urine. In many respects the human excretory, or urinary, system resembles those of other mammalian species, but it has its own unique structural and functional characteristics. The terms excretory and urinary emphasize the elimination function of the system. The kidneys, however, both secrete and actively retain within the body certain substances that are as critical to survival as those that are eliminated. The system contains two kidneys, which control the electrolyte composition of the blood and eliminate dissolved waste products and excess amounts of other substances from the blood; the latter substances are excreted in the urine, which passes from the kidneys to the bladder by way of two thin muscular tubes called the ureters. The bladder is a sac that holds the urine until it is eliminated through the urethra.

Urinary System Anatomy and Physiology

If your institution subscribes to this resource, and you don't have a MyAccess Profile, please contact your library's reference desk for information on how to gain access to this resource from off-campus. Please consult the latest official manual style if you have any questions regarding the format accuracy. Urology deals with diseases and disorders of the male genitourinary tract, the female urinary tract, and the adrenal gland. These systems are illustrated in Figures 1—1 and 1—2. Anatomy of the male genitourinary tract. The upper and midtracts have urologic function only. The lower tract has both genital and urinary functions.


THE. GENITOURINARY. SYSTEM. BMP December 9, MAJOR ANATOMIC COMPONENTS OF THE. REPRODUCTIVE SYSTEM(S). Female.


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Click Image to Enlarge. The body takes nutrients from food and changes them to energy. After the body has taken the food components that it needs, waste products are left behind in the bowel and in the blood. The kidney and urinary systems help the body to get rid of liquid waste called urea.

The urinary system maintains blood homeostasis by filtering out excess fluid and other substances from the bloodstream and secreting waste. The renal system, which is also called the urinary system, is a group of organs in the body that filters out excess fluid and other substances from the bloodstream. The purpose of the renal system is to eliminate wastes from the body, regulate blood volume and pressure, control levels of electrolytes and metabolites, and regulate blood pH.

The urinary system consists of two kidneys, two ureters, a urinary bladder , and a urethra. The kidneys alone perform the functions just described and manufacture urine in the process, while the other organs of the urinary system provide temporary storage reservoirs for urine or serve as transportation channels to carry it from one body region to another. The kidneys, which maintain the purity and constancy of our internal fluids, are perfect examples of homeostatic organs. The urethra is a thin-walled tube that carries urine by peristalsis from the bladder to the outside of the body. Every day, the kidneys filter gallons of fluid from the bloodstream.

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 Конечно, я буду счастлив тебе заплатить.  - И он начал отсчитывать купюры. Глядя, как он шелестит деньгами, Меган вскрикнула и изменилась в лице, по-видимому ложно истолковав его намерения. Она испуганно посмотрела на вращающуюся дверь… как бы прикидывая расстояние. До выхода было метров тридцать. - Я оплачу тебе билет до дома, если… - Молчите, - сказала Меган с кривой улыбкой.

 - Фонтейн, как обычно, говорил спокойно и деловито. Глаза Джаббы по-прежнему выражали шок и растерянность, когда сзади раздался душераздирающий крик: - Джабба. Джабба. Это кричала Соши Кута, его технический ассистент, подбегая к платформе с длиннющей распечаткой в руке. У нее был такой вид, словно она только что увидела призрак.

Renal system

 Если вы вызовете службу безопасности, она умрет. Стратмор вытащил из-под ремня мобильник и набрал номер. - Ты блефуешь, Грег.

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