File Name: female reproductive system questions and answers .zip
Try the multiple choice questions below to test your knowledge of this chapter. Once you have completed the test, click on ''Submit Answers for Grading'' to get your results. The function of the cardiac system.
Question 1. What is the outermost layer of the ovary? Question 2. What is the thick connective tissue layer that surrounds the parenchyma of the ovary called?
Hormones secreted by the ovaries and a small gland in the brain called the pituitary gland control the menstrual cycle. The average menstrual cycle is around 28 days. After a period, rising levels of the hormone oestrogen help to thicken the lining of the womb the endometrium. At mid-cycle, an egg is released from one of the ovaries ovulation. If the egg is fertilised on its journey down the fallopian tube, it lodges in the womb lining. If the egg is unfertilised, falling levels of the hormone progesterone make the womb lining come away.
This is called a period, or menstruation. The cycle then repeats. Read more on ovulation and fertility window. This page has been produced in consultation with and approved by:. Did you know that deaths from injury are 2. That men are more likely to die from preventable diseases? In Victoria, you can have two types of abortion: surgical and medication.
Both types are safe and reliable. You can have a medication abortion up to nine weeks of pregnancy. You can have a surgical abortion from around six weeks of pregnancy onwards. Allergy testing is used to find which substances provoke an allergic reaction. The effects of androgen deficiency depend on how severe the deficiency is, its cause and the age at which the deficiency begins. Androgen deficiency in women and its treatment is controversial, and more research is needed.
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Skip to main content. Reproductive system - female. Home Reproductive system - female. Reproductive system. Actions for this page Listen Print. Summary Read the full fact sheet. On this page. The female reproductive system The male reproductive system Where to get help. New life begins when an egg from a woman is fertilised by sperm from a man.
Eggs ova are made in the ovaries, and sperm in the testicles. The ovaries and testicles gonads also make sex hormones. The female reproductive system The female reproductive organs are the vagina, womb uterus , fallopian tubes and ovaries: Vagina — a muscular canal around 7. Its lining is called the endometrium.
The neck or entrance to the womb is the cervix, which has a small hole in its centre called the os Fallopian uterine tubes — these tubes extend from the womb, one on each side. They both open near an ovary. These tubes carry the egg ovum from the ovary to the womb Ovaries — two small almond-shaped glands that contain ova.
Sex hormones are also made by the ovaries. The menstrual cycle Hormones secreted by the ovaries and a small gland in the brain called the pituitary gland control the menstrual cycle.
At the start of puberty, the eggs are ripened inside the ovary and released every month. Each egg contains genetic material. At menopause, the ovaries stop making hormones and eggs are no longer ripened or released. Female reproductive system problems Some of the conditions women may experience at some time in their lives include: Endometriosis— the presence and growth of functioning endometrial tissue in places other than the uterus Fibroids — non-malignant tumours of the womb Infertility — inability to become pregnant Painful periods Premenstrual tension STIs — bacteria or viruses acquired through sexual contact, some of which can cause cancer or infertility.
Semen is a mixture of sperm and fluid from the male reproductive organs. It exits the penis, through the urethra, during ejaculation The testicles testes — small oval sex glands located in a skin sack called the scrotum. Sperm and sex hormones are made by the testicles. Keeping the testicles outside of the body means they have a lower temperature, which is important for sperm production Epididymis — a series of small tubes attached to the back of each testicle.
The epididymis collects and stores sperm Vas deferens — the epididymis eventually becomes the vas deferens, a larger tube that transports sperm to the urethra the urinary passage from the bladder Accessory sex glands — including the prostate gland, seminal vesicles and the bulbourethral glands. These glands contribute nourishing fluid to the sperm. Male reproductive hormones Hormones are chemical messengers made by glands in the body. Androgens are responsible for sexual functioning, fertility and secondary sexual characteristics such as muscle mass, height, deep voice and body hair including the beard.
The most important androgen is testosterone, which is manufactured in the testicles. The sperm The sperm is the male reproductive cell. Its role is to fertilise an egg. A sperm is tadpole-shaped and around 60 microns in length one micron is a millionth of a metre. Male reproductive system problems Some of the conditions men may experience at some time in their lives include: Impotence — a problem with getting or keeping an erection Infertility — the inability to achieve a pregnancy in a fertile woman due to low sperm production, blockages or other factors Prostate disease — benign prostate enlargement and prostate cancer STIs — bacteria or viruses acquired through sexual contact.
Low testosterone , Andrology Australia. More information here. Give feedback about this page. Was this page helpful? Yes No. View all reproductive system - female. Related information. From other websites Fertility and conception — MyDr. Men's Health Australia. Sexual and reproductive health — Women's Health Victoria. The male body — Andrology Australia. Content disclaimer Content on this website is provided for information purposes only.
The female reproductive system consists of both internal and external parts. It has several important functions, including:. But what are the individual parts of the female reproductive system, and what do they do? Continue reading as we discuss these questions and more below. The vulva actually includes many different structures, such as the:. The opening of the vagina is found in the vestibule of the vulva. The vagina itself is a muscular tube that extends from this opening to the lower part of the uterus cervix.
Human reproductive system , organ system by which humans reproduce and bear live offspring. Provided all organs are present, normally constructed, and functioning properly, the essential features of human reproduction are 1 liberation of an ovum , or egg , at a specific time in the reproductive cycle, 2 internal fertilization of the ovum by spermatozoa, or sperm cells, 3 transport of the fertilized ovum to the uterus , or womb, 4 implantation of the blastocyst, the early embryo developed from the fertilized ovum, in the wall of the uterus, 5 formation of a placenta and maintenance of the unborn child during the entire period of gestation , 6 birth of the child and expulsion of the placenta, and 7 suckling and care of the child, with an eventual return of the maternal organs to virtually their original state. For this biological process to be carried out, certain organs and structures are required in both the male and the female. The source of the ova the female germ cells is the female ovary ; that of spermatozoa the male germ cells is the testis. In females, the two ovaries are situated in the pelvic cavity; in males, the two testes are enveloped in a sac of skin, the scrotum , lying below and outside the abdomen.
Hormones secreted by the ovaries and a small gland in the brain called the pituitary gland control the menstrual cycle. The average menstrual cycle is around 28 days. After a period, rising levels of the hormone oestrogen help to thicken the lining of the womb the endometrium.
At puberty, the oocytes arrested at birth in meiosis I resume growth. This most often happens once a month, if fertilization has not occurred, and continues from puberty until menopause. The oocytes arrested at birth complete meiosis I, and are then arrested in meiosis II until fertilization occurs. During ovulation, the follicle ruptures and develops into the corpus luteum.
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If your institution subscribes to this resource, and you don't have a MyAccess Profile, please contact your library's reference desk for information on how to gain access to this resource from off-campus. Please consult the latest official manual style if you have any questions regarding the format accuracy. The gonads possess a dual function: an endocrine function involving the secretion of sex hormones and a nonendocrine function relating to the production of germ cells gametogenesis. Gametogenic and secretory functions of either the ovary or testes are dependent on the secretion of follicle-stimulating hormone FSH and luteinizing hormone LH from the pituitary. Steroid hormone biosynthesis can occur in several endocrine organs including the adrenal cortex, ovary, and the testes. Female reproductive processes of oogenesis, ovulation, the development of sexual receptivity, coitus, gamete and zygote transport, fertilization, and implantation of the conceptus may be sites of xenobiotic interference. Xenobiotics may influence male reproductive organ structure, spermatogenesis, androgen hormone secretion, and accessory organ function.
Endometriosis is when the kind of tissue that normally lines the uterus grows somewhere else. It can grow on the ovaries, behind the uterus, on the bowels, or on the bladder. Rarely, it grows in other parts of the body.