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When Babur conquered India, the Mughal Empire started. He founded the Mughal Empire in India under Mughal Emperors: When India was under the Mughal Emperors they developed a strong and stable economy, they also had commercial expansion and economic development. There was free expansion of religion Akbar allowed that. Akbar also resolved social-political and cultural differences; he did this by establishing a new religion, Din-I-Illahi, with strong characteristics of a ruler cult.
Akbar was able to extend the empire in all directions and controlled almost the entire Indian subcontinent north of the Godavari River. Babur : Babur was a direct descendant of Genghis Khan through Timur and was the founder of the Mughal Empire after his victories at the Battle of Panipat and the Battle of Khanwa. Humayun : Reign interrupted by Suri Dynasty. Youth and inexperience at ascension led to his being regarded as a less effective ruler than usurper, Sher Shah Suri.
Akbar : He greatly expanded the Empire and is regarded as the most illustrious ruler of the Mughal Empire as he set up the empire's various institutions; he married Mariam-uz-Zamani, a Rajput princess.
One of his most famous construction marvels was the Lahore Fort. The Great Jehangir : Jahangir set the precedent for sons rebelling against their emperor fathers. Opened first relations with the British East India Company.
Reportedly was an alcoholic, and his wife Empress Noor Jahan became the real power behind the throne and competently ruled in his place. Deposed by his son Aurangzeb. He is known to have transcribed copies of the Qur'an using his own styles of calligraphy. He died during a campaign against the ravaging Marathas in the Deccan.
The Crisis of Mughal Empire: After Aurangzeb died; it became hard to manage all the areas he had conquered. It was hard to control all of the areas. The rulers after him were not that successful and had trouble. They could not run such a huge area. Mughal Commercial System: Both Akbar and Jahangir were interested in the foreign trade by sea, and the Mughals welcomed the foreign trade and had a very low custom duty.
The expansion of local industry resulted in a many exportable goods. Indian exports consisted of manufactured articles, with cotton cloth in great demand. Spices, opium, sugar, textiles, yarn, asafetida, salt, beads, wax, and drugs of various kinds were also exported. The main imports were gold, silver, platinum, horses, and luxuries like raw silk, coral, amber, precious stones, drugs, china goods, and European wines. Mughal Art and Architecture: The Mughals loved craftsmanship andmaking models.
They developed various structures, for example thebadshahi mosque. Shah Jahan also made the Taj Mahal. Open navigation menu. Close suggestions Search Search. User Settings. Skip carousel. Carousel Previous. Carousel Next. What is Scribd? Uploaded by api Document Information click to expand document information Date uploaded Oct 17, Did you find this document useful? Is this content inappropriate? Report this Document. Flag for inappropriate content. Download now. Save Save the rise and fall of mughal empire For Later.
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The Mughal Empire declined quickly after the passing of Aurangazeb. The rude strategies of Aurangazeb added to its decay. The powerless successors and dispiriting of the Mughal armed force were additionally the explanations behind the decline. The budgetary challenges because of nonstop wars prompted the decline too. The European settlements can also be said as a reason for the decline. In this article, we will be seeing what happened after the decline of the Mughal Empire. Do you want to crack UPSC in first attempt?
While every effort has been made to follow citation style rules, there may be some discrepancies. Please refer to the appropriate style manual or other sources if you have any questions. Facebook Twitter. The Editors of Encyclopaedia Britannica Encyclopaedia Britannica's editors oversee subject areas in which they have extensive knowledge, whether from years of experience gained by working on that content or via study for an advanced degree He regains his throne in but dies from a fall the next year. The Mughal Empire was established in the northern part of the Indian subcontinent in the s. By the early s the Mughals had conquered most of the subcontinent, except the far south.
Aurangzeb inherited a large empire, yet he adopted a policy of extending it further to the farthest geographical limits in the south at the great expense of men and materials. In reality, the existing means of communication and the economic and political structure of the country made it difficult to establish a stable centralized administration over all parts of the country. Alliance with the Rajput rajas with the consequent military support was one of the main pillars of Mughal strength in the past, but Aurangzeb's conflict with some of the Rajput states also had serious consequences. Aurangzeb himself had in the beginning adhered to the Rajput alliance by raising Jaswant Singh of Kamer and Jai Singh of Amber to the highest of ranks. But his short-sighted attempt later to reduce the strength of the Rajput rajas and extend the imperial sway over their lands led to the withdrawal of their loyalty from the Mughal throne. All of them were to a considerable extent the result of the oppression of the Mughal revenue officials over the peasantry.
THE RISE AND FALL OF THE. MUGHAL EMPIRE. THE GREAT MUGHALS AND THEIR ADVERSARIES. A new age begins with the unification of India under.
When Babur conquered India, the Mughal Empire started. He founded the Mughal Empire in India under Mughal Emperors: When India was under the Mughal Emperors they developed a strong and stable economy, they also had commercial expansion and economic development.
The Mughal Empire at its zenith commanded resources unprecedented in Indian history and covered almost the entire subcontinent. From to , during the heyday of its fabulous wealth and glory, the Mughal Empire was a fairly efficient and centralized organization, with a vast complex of personnel, money, and information dedicated to the service of the emperor and his nobility. The 16th and 17th centuries brought the establishment and expansion of European and non-European trading organizations in the subcontinent, principally for the procurement of Indian goods in demand abroad. Indian regions drew close to each other by means of an enhanced overland and coastal trading network, significantly augmenting the internal surplus of precious metals.
Note: We try hard for correctness and accuracy. Maratha Empire played a major role in weakening the Mughal empire and displacing the Mughal empire by the 18th century. Indian Polity. Many forts were built by Shivaji. He could with stand the attacks of shaista khan and Mirza Raja Jai singh.
Please note that ebooks are subject to tax and the final price may vary depending on your country of residence. The Mughal Empire dominated India politically, culturally, socially, economically and environmentally, from its foundation by Babur, a Central Asian adventurer, in to the final trial and exile of the last emperor Bahadur Shah Zafar at the hands of the British in Throughout the empire's three centuries of rise, preeminence and decline, it remained a dynamic and complex entity within and against which diverse peoples and interests conflicted.