File Name: mechanization of agriculture advantages and disadvantages .zip
Image: Mechanization in office — Advantages and Disadvantages. The work performed with the help of machine is generally more neat and legible than the work completed by hand. Therefore, the using of machines ensures the quality of work.
Manufacturing is the largest sector in the U. Although factory employment has decreased over the years, the U. Thanks to mass production, the U. Manufacturers understand the importance of mass production. Mass production has enabled the country to grow and is part of other important sectors in the economy such as transportation and retail. However, there are also disadvantages that come with the effects of mass production. Mass production refers to the manufacturing of large quantities of products using efficient methods.
In agriculture, monoculture is the practice where a single crop, livestock species, or plant of one species that are genetically uniform at a time. It also entails a farming or agricultural production system that is practiced at a single time. It has been used in industrial farming and organic farming, allowing for increased efficiency in planting and harvesting, as well as lowering costs for farmers. A great example is the growing of only corn or beans for the entire planting season. However, it also increases the risk of exposure to pests and diseases.
Crop rotation is an ancient farming practice that has been used by farmers since the BC Centuries. Crop rotation is defined as the intentional planting of different types of crops in different parts of the field and at different seasons in a sequential manner. It also entails not choosing to plant anything at all in a given season and allow the land to rejuvenate while bare until the next season. In crop rotation, one can also incorporate livestock in the practice when the land is left bare for a season of grazing. In the very early years, farmers used to practice crop rotation, but they had no idea of the scientific reasons behind the success of the practice, nor did they have the specific term for the practice. Typically, they did it because of the seasonal calendar of the planting of crops, which was set traditionally as a planting pattern.
Advantages commonly attributed to automation include higher production rates and increased productivity, more efficient use of materials, better product quality, improved safety , shorter workweeks for labour, and reduced factory lead times. Higher output and increased productivity have been two of the biggest reasons in justifying the use of automation. Despite the claims of high quality from good workmanship by humans, automated systems typically perform the manufacturing process with less variability than human workers, resulting in greater control and consistency of product quality. Also, increased process control makes more efficient use of materials, resulting in less scrap. Worker safety is an important reason for automating an industrial operation. Automated systems often remove workers from the workplace, thus safeguarding them against the hazards of the factory environment.
Mechanization of farms means the use of machines for conducting agricultural operations, replacing the traditional methods which involve human and animal labor. Farm mechanization is one of the packages of green revolution technology.
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Author: John F.Reply