File Name: boron and carbon family .zip
A It is a strong tribasic acid done clear. B It is prepared by acidifying an aqueous solution of borax done clear.
According to nitrogen's electron configuration table, an atom of nitrogen contains two electrons in its first energy level both in the s sub-shell and five electrons in its second energy level two in the s sub-shell and three in the p sub-shell. A more accurate Bohr model of a nitrogen atom could look like this:. For diatomic nitrogen, the Lewis-dot structure correctly predicts that there will be a triple bond between nitrogen atoms: This triple bond is very strong. The strength of the triple bond makes the N 2 molecule very stable against chemical change, and, in fact, N 2 is considered to be a chemically inert gas.
Boron is a non metallic element and the only non-metal of the group 13 of the periodic table the elements. Boron is electron-deficient, possessing a vacant p-orbital. It has several forms, the most common of which is amorphous boron, a dark powder, unreactive to oxygen, water, acids and alkalis. It reacts with metals to form borides. At standard temperatures boron is a poor electrical conductor but is a good conductor at high temperatures. Boric acid is an important compound used in textile products. Compounds of boron are used in organic synthesis, in the manufacture of a particular type of glasses, and as wood preservatives.
Question 1. Discuss the pattern of variation in the oxidation states of i B to Tl ii C to Pb. Details can be seen from the text part. Question 2. How can you explain higher stability of BCl3 as compared to TlCl 3? Because there is absence of d- and f-electrons in boron three valence electrons 2s 2 2p x1 are there for bonding with chlorine atom. In Tl the valence s-electron 6s 2 are experiencing maximum inert pair effect.
Allotropes Some elements exist in several different structural forms, called allotropes. Each allotrope has different physical properties. For more information on the Visual Elements image see the Uses and properties section below.
The boron group are the chemical elements in group 13 of the periodic table , comprising boron B , aluminium Al , gallium Ga , indium In , thallium Tl , and perhaps also the chemically uncharacterized nihonium Nh. The elements in the boron group are characterized by having three valence electrons. Boron is commonly classified as a metalloid while the rest, with the possible exception of nihonium, are considered post-transition metals. Boron occurs sparsely, probably because bombardment by the subatomic particles produced from natural radioactivity disrupts its nuclei. Aluminium occurs widely on earth, and indeed is the third most abundant element in the Earth's crust 8.
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Produced entirely by cosmic ray spallation and supernovae and not by stellar nucleosynthesis , it is a low-abundance element in the Solar System and in the Earth's crust.Reply
The important oxidation states exhibited by p-block elements are shown in Table In boron, carbon and nitrogen families the group oxidation state is the most.Reply
The group 13 elements are the first group in the p-block of the periodic table. All the elements of group 13 are also called the boron family. The periodic table is.Reply
Understanding the interaction between nanoscale materials and nucleobases is essential for their use in nanobiotechnology and nanomedicine.Reply