signs and symptoms of heart attack pdf

Signs and symptoms of heart attack pdf

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Published: 15.04.2021

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What is a heart attack?

Heart Attack Symptoms, Risk, and Recovery

The most common symptom of coronary artery disease is angina also called angina pectoris. Angina is often referred to as chest pain. It is also described as chest discomfort, heaviness, tightness, pressure, aching, burning, numbness, fullness, or squeezing. It can be mistaken for indigestion or heartburn. Angina is usually felt in the chest, but may also be felt in the left shoulder, arms, neck, back or jaw.

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Back to Health A to Z. Cardiovascular disease CVD is a general term for conditions affecting the heart or blood vessels. It can also be associated with damage to arteries in organs such as the brain, heart, kidneys and eyes. Find out more about the flu vaccine. Get advice about coronavirus and cardiovascular disease from the British Heart Foundation. A stroke is where the blood supply to part of the brain is cut off, which can cause brain damage and possibly death. A transient ischaemic attack also called a TIA or "mini-stroke" is similar, but the blood flow to the brain is only temporarily disrupted.

Acute myocardial infarction is the medical name for a heart attack. A heart attack is a life-threatening condition that occurs when blood flow to the heart muscle is abruptly cut off, causing tissue damage. This is usually the result of a blockage in one or more of the coronary arteries. A blockage can develop due to a buildup of plaque, a substance mostly made of fat, cholesterol , and cellular waste products. While the classic symptoms of a heart attack are chest pain and shortness of breath, the symptoms can be quite varied.

Recognising the symptoms of a heart attack and calling Triple Zero could save your life or the life of a loved one. The longer a blockage is left untreated, the more damage occurs. The most common heart attack warning signs are:. A heart attack is a medical emergency. An ambulance is the safest way to go to hospital and the quickest way to seek treatment. Treatment can start when ambulance staff arrive, saving precious minutes and preventing damage to your heart muscle.

What is a heart attack?

A heart attack is when part of the heart muscle is cut off from oxygen. Most heart attacks occur when a blockage slows or stops blood flow. Heart attack is sometimes called myocardial infarction or acute coronary syndrome. Heart attacks are often treatable when diagnosed quickly. However, they can be fatal.

Each year almost , Americans have a heart attack. A heart attack happens when blood flow to the heart suddenly becomes blocked. Without the blood coming in, the heart can't get oxygen. If not treated quickly, the heart muscle begins to die. But if you do get quick treatment, you may be able to prevent or limit damage to the heart muscle. That's why it's important to know the symptoms of a heart attack and call if you or someone else is having them. You should call, even if you are not sure that it is a heart attack.

Heart disease is the leading cause of the death in the United States. It is also a major cause of disability. There are many things that can raise your risk for heart disease. They are called risk factors. Some of them you cannot control, but there are many that you can control. Learning about them can lower your risk of heart disease.


In the United States, coronary heart disease, which includes heart attack, causes 1 of every 7 deaths. But many of those deaths can be prevented — by acting.


Heart Attack Symptoms, Risk, and Recovery

Heart attack and stroke are life-or-death emergencies — every second counts. If you have any of these signs, call and get to a hospital right away. Uncomfortable pressure, squeezing, fullness or pain in the center of your chest. It lasts more than a few minutes or goes away and comes back. Pain or discomfort in one or both arms, the back, neck, jaw or stomach.

The more time that passes without treatment to restore blood flow, the greater the damage to the heart muscle. A less common cause is a severe spasm, or sudden contraction, of a coronary artery that can stop blood flow to the heart muscle. Other symptoms of a heart attack could include unusual or unexplained tiredness and nausea or vomiting. Women are more likely to have these other symptoms.

3 comments

  • Emiliana G. 22.04.2021 at 04:46

    Download the common heart attack warning signs infographic (JPEG) | (PDF) As with men, women's most common heart attack symptom is chest pain.

    Reply
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